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Semantic Processing Characteristics of Simple Sentences in Cases of Autism Spectrum Disorders: Performance of a Word Recall Task that Matches Sentence Meaning

  • YOSHII Ayumi
    Department of Childhood Education, Faculty of Welfare and Health Science, Fukuyama Heisei University Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • OKAZAKI Shinji
    Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • NAKANO Yasushi
    Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • TAKAHASHI Yuko
    Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Science, Kochi University
  • TERADA Shin-ichi
    Research and Education Faculty, Humanities and Social Science Cluster, Education Unit, Kochi University

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Other Title
  • <b>文意にあてはまる単語の想起からみた自閉スペクトラム症児における </b><b>単文意味処理の特徴 </b>
  • <短報>文意にあてはまる単語の想起からみた自閉スペクトラム症児における短文意味処理の特徴
  • 文意にあてはまる単語の想起からみた自閉スペクトラム症児における単文意味処理の特徴
  • ブンイ ニ アテハマル タンゴ ノ ソウキ カラ ミタ ジヘイスペクトラムショウジ ニ オケル タンブン イミ ショリ ノ トクチョウ

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Abstract

<p>This study examined the semantic processing of simple sentences in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Children with ASD, typically developing (TD) children, and TD adults completed a word recall task. They were asked to recall words corresponding to the blank spaces in simple sentences. The task had a verb condition and an object condition. First, we compared the number of words recalled and that of wrong answers given by TD children and TD adults. Then, similarly, a comparison was made between children with ASD and TD children. We found no significant difference in the ability to recall words between TD children and TD adults. In the object condition, children with ASD recalled significantly fewer words than did TD children. Children with ASD added features to modify the scene, to limit it, or to express it concretely with features of incorrect answers. Therefore, it is suggested that children with ASD exhibit enhanced partial processing at the stage of retrieving semantic memory of words, and exhibit weaknesses in integrating the meaning of the whole sentence.</p>

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