Analysis of Working Conditions to Improve the Work Engagement of Care Staff at Long-term Care Insurance Facilities: Focusing on “Job Demands” and “Job Resources”

  • ONOUCHI Tomoko
    東洋大学 東洋大学大学院福士社会デザイン研究科ヒューマンデザイン専攻(博士後期課程)

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  • 介護老人福祉施設と介護老人保健施設に勤務する介護職員のワーク・エンゲイジメントを高める職場環境の分析――「仕事の要求」と「仕事の資源」に焦点を当てて――
  • カイゴロウジン フクシ シセツ ト カイゴロウジン ホケン シセツ ニ キンム スル カイゴショクイン ノ ワーク ・ エンゲイジメント オ タカメル ショクバ カンキョウ ノ ブンセキ : 「 シゴト ノ ヨウキュウ 」 ト 「 シゴト ノ シゲン 」 ニ ショウテン オ アテテ

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Abstract

<p>The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between work engagement and working conditions for care staff working at long-term care insurance facilities for three years or longer. Care staff at 72 facilities were surveyed and responses were received from 284 care staff members. The questionnaire consisted of questions based on a modified Job Demands-Resources Model. Responses were subjected to a multiple regression analysis, which indicated that several factors increased work engagement. “Work-self balance”(positive), which is a “job resource at the organizational level,” and “job suitability,” “meaningfulness of work,” “role clarity,” and “career opportunities,” which are “job resources at the task level,” significantly affected work engagement. These findings indicate that working conditions need to be created for care staff to feel that their work is meaningful rather than fostering factors, such as team and interpersonal relationships, which are “job resources at the workgroup level.”</p>

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