Art Education under the English Baccalaureate System in the United Kingdom

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  • イングリッシュ・バカロレア体制下における美術教育
  • イングリッシュ ・ バカロレア タイセイ カ ニ オケル ビジュツ キョウイク

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<p>The English Baccalaureate was introduced in 2010 as a performance measure for schools in England. It measures the achievement of pupils by their performance in five subjects in the General Certificate of Secondary Education: English, Mathematics, History or Geography, Sciences, and Language. There is a concern that this reform has led to a decrease in pupils’ access to art in schools. This paper shows the meaning of this educational reform (which emphasizes the five subjects) from the viewpoint of art education. The methodology is an investigation of the process and the structure of this reform, a comparison of the results from three surveys done by British researchers on this matter in the United Kingdom, and a reflection from the author’s field studies and questionnaire surveys in schools in the West Midland region of the United Kingdom from 1994 to 2017. The value of art education in the United Kingdom is now being challenged by the free competition principles among school subjects. This study raises an essential issue from comparative education about how art education tries to appeal to the society regarding its role and existence.</p>


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