Daily walking habit reduces fasting blood sugar level in newly diagnosed diabetic participants in rural Bangladesh

  • Jesmin Subrina
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba Health & Disease Research Centre for Rural Peoples (HDRCRP)
  • Shima Takeru
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba Department of Health and Physical Education, Cooperative Faculty of Education, Gunma University
  • Yamaguchi Naoto
    Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences
  • Sohael Farzana
    Health & Disease Research Centre for Rural Peoples (HDRCRP) Department of Gynaecology, Dhaka Medical College
  • Maqbool Adil
    Allama Iqbal Medical College, University of Health Sciences (UHS)
  • Rahman Arifur
    Health & Disease Research Centre for Rural Peoples (HDRCRP)
  • Moroi Masao
    Faculty of Medicine, Toho University
  • Shimojo Nobutake
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba
  • Kawano Saturo
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba
  • Watanabe Koichi
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Takeda Fumi
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Soya Hideaki
    Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba

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Abstract

<p>Diabetes mellitus, a life-threatening non-communicable disease, is now an epidemic-level problem in developed countries, and also prevalent in developing countries, including Bangladesh. Bangladesh has been facing a significant and growing burden of diabetes mellitus handling in recent decades. In the present study, we investigated whether a daily walking intervention could improve the fasting blood sugar level in newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus participants in rural Bangladesh who were not on medication. A rural population of 1,045 people in Bangladesh were screened for diabetes mellitus. One hundred fifty-six people, including 87 diabetes mellitus participants, went through a 5-month daily walking program (twice daily, 1.5 km walking each time). In our initial screening, the prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus cases was 8.5% in the rural population. Mean fasting blood sugar level in these new diabetes mellitus cases was 10.0 ± 0.33 mmol/L. After five months of exercise, both the fasting blood sugar and 2h OGTT sugar levels were significantly improved, and no DM (diabetes mellitus) cases were on medication. The current research findings show that a walking program can be a potential lifestyle intervention to combat the diabetes mellitus epidemic in a poor rural context in Bangladesh.</p>

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