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Information Technology Supporting the Digital Archiving of Historical Documents

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  • 古文書デジタルアーカイビングを支える情報技術
  • コモンジョ デジタルアーカイビング オ ササエル ジョウホウ ギジュツ

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Abstract

Digital archiving of historical documents is an important effort in Japanese historical research. Digital images are becoming the core contents of the historical archives. To record large numbers of documents efficiently, and to promote the utilization of the archives, numerous researchers have high expectations of information technologies. Because digital archives of these documents are accessible online, they can be observed from anywhere. In addition, by accessing the digital archives instead of the original documents, the original documents can be maintained in safe repositories. However, the qualitative expression of the original documents is frequently superlative to the digital copy. To improve the historical value of digital archives, it is necessary to carefully consider all archiving processes, including digital image photography and meta-information definitions. Furthermore, the large volume of contents from the archives must be managed effectively. In this article, I begin by presenting the subjects and the significance of digital-archiving, which processes and preserves historical document information. Subsequently, I present two examples of information storing in digital archives at The Historiographical Institute, The University of Tokyo, and the Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties. To conclude, I introduce several information technologies to extend the utility of the digital archives.

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