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Characterization of Water/Supercritical CO2 Microemulsion by UV-visible Spectroscopy and Dynamic Light Scattering

  • Sagisaka Masanobu
    Department of Frontier Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University
  • Hino Masaya
    Department of Frontier Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University
  • Oasa Junichi
    Department of Frontier Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University
  • Yamamoto Motohiro
    Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University
  • Yoda Satoshi
    Nanotechnology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Takebayashi Yoshihiro
    Nanotechnology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Furuya Takeshi
    Nanotechnology Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Yoshizawa Atsushi
    Department of Frontier Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Hirosaki University
  • Ochi Kenji
    Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University
  • Otake Katsuto
    Department of Industrial Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo University of Science

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Abstract

A water/supercritical CO2 microemulsion (W/scCO2 μE) with methyl orange (MO) and sodium bis(1H,1H,2H,2H-heptadecafluorodecyl)-2-sulfosuccinate, 8FS(EO)2, was characterized by means of UV-visible absorption spectral and dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements. Visual observation of the scCO2 mixtures revealed transparent and reddish scCO2 phases with and without separated excess water; they were identified as Winsor-II and Winsor-IV W/scCO2 μE, respectively. The polarities of the aqueous cores in the Winsor-IV W/scCO2 μE were examined by observing the spectral shift of the absorbance maximum of MO. It was observed that with an increase in the water-to-surfactant molar ratio (W0c), the measured absorbance maximum shifted from 418 to 423 nm, which suggests that the polarity of the environment surrounding the MO molecules was methanol-like, and the polarity increased with W0c. The hydrodynamic diameter of Winsor-IV W/scCO2 μE increased drastically with W0c but gradually with a decrease in the CO2 density. The increase in the diameter was a result of the aggregation of the μE droplets and the fusion promoted by the increase in W0c and the decrease in the CO2 density, in addition to the swelling of reversed micelles.

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Details

  • CRID
    1390282679068077312
  • NII Article ID
    130000437025
  • NII Book ID
    AA11503337
  • DOI
    10.5650/jos.58.75
  • ISSN
    13473352
    13458957
  • NDL BIB ID
    9763702
  • Text Lang
    en
  • Data Source
    • JaLC
    • NDL
    • Crossref
    • CiNii Articles
  • Abstract License Flag
    Disallowed

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