Relationship between two types of motor ability tests based on different scales in preschool children:measurements by pass-or-fail criteria and CGS scales

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  • 合否判定に基づく幼児の運動能力テストと間隔尺度に基づくテストの関係
  • ゴウヒ ハンテイ ニ モトヅク ヨウジ ノ ウンドウ ノウリョク テスト ト カンカク シャクド ニ モトヅク テスト ノ カンケイ

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Motor ability tests based on pass-or-fail criteria (pass-or-fail tests) are used to assess proper motor development of infants or young children. Motor ability tests which employ CGS scales (CGS-scales tests) are also used for various age groups including young children. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the relationship between pass-or-fail tests and CGS-scales tests, which involve different scales. The relationship between 26 pass-or-fail tests and 6 CGS-scales tests were examined by canonical correlation analysis and principal component analysis with external criteria, for young children aged 3 to 6 yr. The results suggested that the relationship between them is high and unidimensional. In 26 pass-or-fail tests, 27.4% of the total variance could be explained by CGS-scales tests and 72.6% could not. The former, showing related variance, would be a unidimensional structure and the latter, showing unrelated variance, a multidimensional structure. The two types of tests have a tendency to show a lower correlation with increasing child age. This would indicate that the range of motor abilities which can be measured by both pass-or-fail and CGS-scales tests decreases with age.


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