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An Empirical Study on Managerial Behaviors in the Managerial Organization of Physical Education

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  • 体育経営組織における管理者行動の規定要因および有効性について
  • タイイク ケイエイ ソシキ ニ オケル カンリシャ コウドウ ノ キテイ ヨウ

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Abstract

The purposes of this study were 1) to clarify some situational factors determining managerial behaviors of physical education managers, and 2) to examine the effectiveness of managerial behaviors and the moderating effect of situational characteristics on the relationship of managerial behaviors with organizational activities. Data were collected from 537 managers of physical education in elementary schools, junior high schools and senior high schools by a mail questionnair. The managers of physical education were asked to respond to the items about organizational behaviors, improvement of management, organizational learning style, organizational climate, task environment and managerial behaviors.The results were obtained by applying multiple regression analysis and ANOVA. Major findings were summarized as follows : 1) Task environmental characteristics affected managerial behaviors of physical education managers in elementary schools. Four dimentions of managerial behaviors in junior high schools were influenced by organizational learning style. Managerial behaviors in senior high schools were affected by organizational learning style and task characteristics. 2) Five dimentions of managerial behaviors determined the effectiveness of organizational attivities in elementary and junior high schools. 3) Task uncertainty in junior high schools and positive organizational learning style in senior high schools moderated the relationship of managerial behaviors with organizational activities.

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