An empirical study of determinants of parental restriction on children's outdoor activities and its effects on children's play

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  • 保護者による子どもに対する行動規制の要因と子どもの遊びへの影響に関する実証的研究
  • 保護者による子どもに対する行動規制の要因と子どもの遊びへの影響に関する実証的研究--茨城県つくば市の一小学校を事例に
  • ホゴシャ ニ ヨル コドモ ニ タイスル コウドウ キセイ ノ ヨウイン ト コドモ ノ アソビ エ ノ エイキョウ ニ カンスル ジッショウテキ ケンキュウ イバラキケン ツクバシ ノ イチ ショウガッコウ オ ジレイ ニ
  • 茨城県つくば市の一小学校を事例に
  • A case study of an elementary school in Tsukuba city, Ibaraki prefecture

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Concerns have been raised that parental restriction on children's independent mobility negatively affects the mental and physical development of the children. This study aims to identify the effects of parental restriction on children's outdoor independent activities. From a questionnaire survey of 464 children and 359 parents in an elementary school in Tsukuba City, we found the following results. a) Parental restriction on children's outdoor activities was composed of three types of restrictions: restrictions of children's daily activities, shopping store visits, and visits to faraway areas. b) Parental restriction reduced the number of types, playmates and, places of children's outdoor play. c) The degree of parental restriction was affected by perceived danger of children's playgrounds and social relationships to neighbors. In conclusion, we discuss the role of the personal safety in town planning in balancing children's independent mobility and their safety.


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