An empirical study of living activities and crime victimizations of children

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  • 小学校児童の空間行動と犯罪被害に関する実証的研究
  • 小学校児童の空間行動と犯罪被害に関する実証的研究--兵庫県神戸市の5つの小学校を事例に
  • ショウガッコウ ジドウ ノ クウカン コウドウ ト ハンザイ ヒガイ ニ カンスル ジッショウテキ ケンキュウ ヒョウゴケン コウベシ ノ イツツ ノ ショウガッコウ オ ジレイ ニ
  • 兵庫県神戸市の5つの小学校を事例に
  • A case study of five elementary schools in Kobe city

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Abstract

Recently, the necessity of community and urban planning aiming at crime prevention of children is increasing rapidly. However, there are few empirical evidences that are used as the basis of concrete measures for child safety. This study aimed to identify actual conditions of living activities and crime victimizations of children through questionnaire survey that had been conducted in Kobe city, Hyogo prefecture. As a result of investigation for 2396 children and 1875 parents, the followings were indentified. a) Children were walking alone about a quarter of distances of children's whole walk actions, and they tended to walk in specific hours and areas. b) Crime victimizations of children were concentrated on the specific hours and areas. c) The hours and areas were not always covered by existing programs for child safety. These results suggested that it is necessary to consider characteristics of child activities in order to improve child safety effectively.

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