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Social Factors Accounting for Local Differences in the Damage Caused by a Meteorological Disaster

  • DU Chunling
    School of Economics and Management,Inner Mongolia Agricultural University Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University
  • SHINODA Masato
    Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University
  • KOMIYAMA Hiroshi
    Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University
  • OZAKI Takahiro
    Faculty of Law, Economics and Humanities, Kagoshima University
  • SUZUKI Kohei
    Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University

Bibliographic Information

Other Title
  • 気象災害の地域差を生む社会的要因
  • 気象災害の地域差を生む社会的要因 : モンゴルにおける2009/2010年ゾド災害の場合
  • キショウ サイガイ ノ チイキサ オ ウム シャカイテキ ヨウイン : モンゴル ニ オケル 2009/2010ネン ゾド サイガイ ノ バアイ
  • -モンゴルにおける2009/2010年ゾド災害の場合-
  • - A Case Study of the 2009-2010 <i>Dzud</i> in Mongolia -

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<p>The livelihoods of Mongolia’s inhabitants have long been jeopardized by repeated natural hazards associated with a harsh environment and a cold and arid climate. Dzud is a Mongolian word denoting harsh winter conditions. The impacts of such hazards often vary considerably, even across adjoining areas. Given this situation, this study aimed to identify the social factors accounting for local differences between Taragt and Nariinteel Counties of Ovorkhangai Province during the 2009-2010 dzud using zoo-meteorological data and socioeconomic data obtained from interviewed herders. The results revealed much lower livestock mortalities in Nariinteel, despite its more severe climatic conditions. The social factors associated with reduced mortalities corresponded to the following actions taken by the herders in relation to the seasonal sequence of movements from summer to winter. These included: (1) conducting frequent and regular long-distance seasonal movements; (2) using pasturelands with a lower overgrazing rate measured in the summer; (3) promoting livestock sales and preparation of winter forage stock; (4) delaying movement to the winter camping site to ensure sufficient winter pasture; and (5) selecting warmer, middle, and lee sides of mountains for winter camp and shelter sites. These findings suggest that proactive herding management entailing careful consideration of local natural and marketing conditions will provide an efficient countermeasure for reducing dzud-induced damage.</p>


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