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Justice and preference in reward allocation : The effect of different viewpoints on the allocation situation, "participant" and "bystander"

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  • 報酬分配場面における公正さと好ましさ : 『当事者』・『観察者』の立場の違いによる効果について
  • 報酬分配場面における公正さと望ましさ--「当事者」・「観察者」の立場の違いによる効果について
  • ホウシュウ ブンパイ バメン ニ オケル コウセイサ ト ノゾマシサ トウジシ

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Abstract

The present study examined how subjects' evaluations differ according to the viewpoint they have when they evaluate given allocation behavior. In this study, the subjects were 64.minudergraduates, who were divided into eight conditions, i.e., degrees of contribution (high or low) × opinions of allocation (equity or equality) × viewpoints ("participant" or "bystander"). In the participant condition, subjects were asked to take the vipoiwpoint of a participant in the situation. In the bystander condition, subjects were asked to keep their distance from the participant viewpoint. The results showed that the evaluation for the opinion of equity allocation in the participant condition differed from that in the bystander condition. In the participant condition, subjects preferred equity allocation if it benefited the receiver, but did not prefer it if it did not benefit him. This tendency was also found in the bystander condition, but to a much lesser degree.

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