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The justice-bond hypothesis and people's attitude toward Japanese society : Multi-level evaluation of distributive and procedural justice

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  • 社会的公正と国に対する態度の絆仮説 : 多水準公正評価、分配的および手続的公正
  • シャカイテキ コウセイ ト クニ ニ タイスル タイド ノ キズナ カセツ タスイジュン コウセイ ヒョウカ ブンパイテキ オヨビ テツズキテキ コウセイ

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Abstract

The justice-bond theory emphasizes the role of justice in the process by which people become attached to their groups. In application of the theory to the attitudes toward one's country, we constructed the following hypotheses by integrating the utilitarian and group value models. That is, perceived distributive justice would increase perceived life satisfaction, which in turn would increase positive attitudes toward one's country, and perceived procedural justice would directly increase those attitudes. We examined the hypotheses by measuring the perception of distributive and procedural justice on three different levels (macro, vocational, and community). We conducted a covariance structure analysis on data obtained from 826 adult citizens who responded to our questionnaire. The results supported the predictions regarding the effects of perceived justice on the macro and vocational levels, but not those on the community level. The present study suggested that the perceptions of distributive and procedural justice exert different effects on the attitudes toward one's country and that multi-level judgments of justice are necessary for understanding these processes.

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