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Crime control by local communities : Focusing on social capital and cooperative behaviors in neighborhoods

  • TAKAGI Daisuke
    Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, The University of Tokyo:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
  • TSUJI Ryuhei
    Faculty of Arts, Shinshu University
  • IKEDA Ken'ichi
    Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, The University of Tokyo

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Other Title
  • 地域コミュニティによる犯罪抑制 : 地域内の社会関係資本および協力行動に焦点を当てて
  • チイキ コミュニティ ニ ヨル ハンザイ ヨクセイ チイキ ナイ ノ シャカイ カンケイ シホン オヨビ キョウリョク コウドウ ニ ショウテン オ アテテ

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Abstract

In this study, we examined crime control in local communities through interpretations mainly from social capital. Using data obtained from a mail survey in an urban area, we investigated the effects of cooperative behaviors promoted by individual-level or macro-level social capital in neighborhoods on the number of respondents' crime victimizations. The results show that the network size of cooperative acquaintances at the individual level promotes the number of respondents' cooperative behaviors. Moreover, having a neighborhood where greeting and standing talking are frequent promotes respondents' cooperative behaviors. It is also suggested that cooperative behaviors aggregated at the macro level have an inhibitory effect on the number of victimizations in terms of "burglaries of the communities."

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