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Which sense modality is most dominant in the perception of intimacy ?: Comparison among vision, audition and touching

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  • 親愛感の知覚における視覚・聴覚・触覚の間の優先関係
  • シンアイカン ノ チカク ニ オケル シカク チョウカク ショッカク ノ アイ

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Abstract

Improving Bardeen's investigation presented in Knapp (1972), dominance among sense modalities (vision, audition, touching) in the perception of intimacy at communication was experimented. In Exp. 1, which follows Bardeen's investigation and subjects compared all three modalities (with-insubject design), the person who met through vision was tended to be selected for the most intimate person. On the other hand, Exp. 2, in which subjects met the experiment cooperator through only one of the sense modalities (between-subjects design), subjects who met through touching felt more intimacy than others. Moreover, experiments in which the person stimuli were presented by writings, expressed by sense-modality-features, showed that touching condition was evaluated the most intimate both in Exp. 3 (all three conditions were presented and compared; within-subjectdesign) and Exp. 4 (one of them was presented; between-subjects design). Consequently, it wasshown that touching has relation to intimacy and dominance of touching in perception of intimacyis evident, and moreover, it was suggested that there presumably is reliance on vision in everydaycommunication.

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