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Time strategy and time perspective

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  • 時間方略と展望
  • ジカン ホウリャク ト テンボウ

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Abstract

When there is an achievement goal, a certain amount of time that elapse before that (time perspective), and an allotment of effort that accords with the expectancies toward the outcome, then we can take a one of the three types of time strategies. These are named Primary, Constant, and Late strategy. Experiment-I showes that the longer the time perspective becomes, the less the amount of effort at any point in time. Experiment-II cleares that within the same time perspective, depending on the strategy and intention, the amount of effort changes. Experiment-III showes the relationships between the strategy and its attribution. The result is that Primary strategy is attributed to his intention to the task, Constant strategy to his ability, and Late strategy to the negative social evaluation.

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