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Affect and cognition in Heiderian balance and imbalance situations

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  • ハイダーの均衡・不均衡状況における感情と認知
  • ハイダー ノ キンコウ フキンコウ ジョウキョウ ニ オケル カンジョウ ト

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Abstract

The pleasantness and expectations of occurrences in Heider's (1958) balance and imbalance situations were explored. In study 1, 35 male and 65 female undergraduate students rated the pleasantness which they felt on imagining the agreement'or disagreement with attractive or repulsivefriends. Though pleasantness and unpleasantness were stronger in balance than in imbalancesituations, the judgments of them were rather easier in the former than the latter situations. Instudy 2, the pleasantness rated by 64 male and 43 female undergraduates in the hypothetical situationsof agreement or disagreement with attractive, neutal, or repulsive others was also stronger inbalance than in imbalance situations. However, they expected the balance situations to occur moreoften than imbalance situations. These results imply that the affective and cognitive processes inbalanced or imbalanced situations are different, which support conflict model rather than balancetheory.

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