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Attitudinal structure of Japanese medical doctors and registered nurses toward people with HIV/ AIDS

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Other Title
  • 日本の医師と看護婦のHIV感染者・AIDS患者に対する態度の構造
  • ニホン ノ イシ ト カンゴフ ノ HIV カンセンシャ AIDS カンジャ

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Abstract

The present study reports the result of a national survey of medical doctors and registered nurses on their attitudes toward people with HIV/AIDS. The survey was carried out in July and August of 1993 by mail. A questionnaire was administered to 646 doctors and 767 nurses. The collected data sets of doctors and nurses were applied to the path analysis separately. Parameters were estimated by using of the covariance structure analysis. Both doctors' causal model and nurses' one show statistical good fitness to their data. In each model the fear of HIV/AIDS increases the risk perception of occupational HIV infection, which in turn moves the attitude toward HIV/AIDS to more negative direction. Finally the resultant negative attitude strengthen the fear of HIV/AIDS. This vicious circle has the possibility to induce a panic among health care workers if the brakes from the outside environment are not applied properly.

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