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The dimensions of social support for Chinese students in Japan: The relationships among needs for support, perceived support, and received support

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  • 在日中国系留学生に対するソーシャル・サポートの次元 : 必要とするサポート、知覚されたサポート、実行されたサポートの間の関係
  • ザイニチ チュウゴクケイ リュウガクセイ ニ タイスル ソーシャル サポート

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to measure the 3 dimensions of social support (SS) consisting of needs for support, perceived support, received support, and to investigate the relationship and difference among them. Ninety-two Chinese students in Japan responded to questionnaires which partly included the Social Support Scale for Chinese students in Japan developed by Jou (1993a), which measure SS under the different conditions composed by area and type of support. The correlation between perceived support and received support was extremely high in all conditions, implying that these 2 dimensions of support were quite similar. However, the correlation between needs for support and perceived/received support was both weaker, although significant correlations were observed in 14 conditions with perceived support and 6 conditions with received support. The scores of needs were higher than those of perceived and received support in 10 and 11 conditions respectively, but the difference in scores between perceived support and received support was not found. In short, with reference to Chinese students in Japan, it was found that they neither perceived nor received enough support as they needed in most conditions of support. It was suggested that the relationship between dimensions of SS or gaps in dimensions of SS and adjustment should be examined.

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