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An experimental study of self-effacement and self-enhancement among the Japanese

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Other Title
  • 日本人の自己卑下と自己高揚に関する実験研究
  • ニホンジン ノ ジコ ヒゲ ト ジコ コウヨウ ニ カンスル ジッケン ケンキュウ

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Abstract

This study investigated the cognitive basis of self-effacing behavior among the Japanese. Based on the premises that self-effacement among the Japanese is a form of "default self-presentation," we predicted that Japanese self-effacement will dissipate when actual self-evaluation is required. The experiment (n = 110) consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, participants took a "cognitive ability test" that consisted of 20 questions. In Phase 2, they were asked to judge if their performance on the test was above or below the average performance level in their school. In the bonus condition, participants were rewarded for making a correct judgment in their performance. In the fixed-reward condition, no reward was provided for making a correct judgment. The results from experiments 1 and 2, taken together, indicate that self-effacement observed in the fixed-reward condition was not confirmed in the bonus condition. These results suggest that self-effacement among the Japanese is a strategy for self-presentation, which they switch on and off depending on the situation.

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Details

  • CRID
    1390282679468600320
  • NII Article ID
    110002785422
  • NII Book ID
    AN10049127
  • DOI
    10.14966/jssp.kj00003724963
  • ISSN
    21891338
    09161503
  • NDL BIB ID
    7040502
  • Text Lang
    ja
  • Data Source
    • JaLC
    • NDL
    • CiNii Articles
    • KAKEN
  • Abstract License Flag
    Disallowed

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