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Negotiation and anger : A case study of sandal divination in the Turkana of Northwestern Kenya


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  • 交渉と怒り : 北西ケニア・トゥルカナにおける怒りの経験
  • コウショウ ト イカリ ホクセイ ケニア トゥルカナ ニ オケル イカリ ノ ケイケン

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Negotiation is the most basic way to solve problems in the pastoral Turkana society of Northwestern Kenya. Anger (angoikin) is believed to bring misfortune and calamity to the Turkana people. After encountering serious illness or an unusual accident, a client visits a sandal diviner to discover who got angry with him/her and what the cause of the anger was. This paper aims to show the cognitive process of the interaction among the participants in terms of scenario analysis within the framework of social constructionism of emotion. Through interaction with his diviner, the client recalls episodes that may have offended the adversary and sometimes talks, by way of retaliation, about occasions where he also was offended by the adversary. Four scenarios of anger were abstracted from 22 scenes : inconsiderate treatment, decision without agreement, refusal of demands, and refusal of marriage or a sexual relationship. The result showed that anger was caused by a violation of the cooperation norm underpinning a negotiation society.


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