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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CROSS-IN-SQUARE CHURCH IN THE MIDDLE BYZANTINE PERIOD IN TERMS OF ITS ARCHITECTURAL CONFIGURATION

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  • 内部架構構成からみた中期ビザンツ文化圏内接十字型教会堂建築の成り立ち
  • ナイブカコウコウセイ カラ ミタ チュウキ ビザンツ ブンカケン ナイセツ ジュウジガタ キョウカイドウ ケンチク ノ ナリタチ

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Abstract

The cross-in-square was one of the most common church forms in the middle Byzantine period (9th-12th centuries CE). This paper looks at how the architectural configuration of the cross-in-square developed, focusing on the threedimensional characteristics of all churches within Byzantine territories, unlike previous studies. These churches are classified according to their floor plan; horizontal shape and construction methods of supports; the arrangement of arches; and the support and arch connection methods. Two architectural groups emerge: the centralised church-like configuration, in which the arches are placed on the supports, and the two-direction configuration, where the arches penetrate inner walls.

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