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Measuring Job-Hunting Maintenance Processes of Japanese University Students : Scale Development

  • KARUBE YUKI
    GRADUATE SCHOOL OF COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF TSUKUBA
  • SATO JUN
    IBARAKI PREFECTURAL UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES
  • SUGIE MASASHI
    FACULTY OF HUMAN SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF TSUKUBA

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Other Title
  • 大学生の就職活動維持過程尺度の作成
  • ダイガクセイ ノ シュウショク カツドウ イジ カテイ シャクド ノ サクセイ

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Abstract

  The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure job-hunting maintenance processes, that is, the processes by which university students maintain their job-hunting activities after having received rejections from companies that they had applied to; in addition, the reliability and validity of the scale was examined.  The participants were undergraduate and graduate students who had finished their job-hunting activities.  In Study 1 (N=212), the scale was developed, and it was demonstrated that the scale had sufficient internal consistency and validity.  In Study 2 (N=72), relations between job-hunting maintenance processes and the time of the students’ job-hunting period were analyzed.  The results suggested that the job-seekers’ behavior was different, depending on the time of their job-hunting.  The new scale successfully predicted the processes.  For example, at the beginning of the students’ job-hunting (the primary process), the job-seekers tended to engage in present-oriented behavior, in order to maintain their job-hunting activity.  As they gradually became more experienced with job-hunting (the secondary process), they tended to engage in future-oriented (goal-oriented) behavior, such as setting attainable goals.  These results suggest that the new scale may be effective for differentiating between the primary and secondary processes involved in job-hunting maintenance.

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