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Effects of Skin Surface Temperature Distribution of Thermal Manikin on Clothing Thermal Insulation.

  • Takahashi-Nishimura Mika
    Department of Architectural Hygiene, The National Institute of Public Health
  • Tanabe Shin-ichi
    Department of Human Environmental Engineering, School of Human Life and Environmental Science, Ochanomizu University
  • Hasebe Yae
    Department of Human Environmental Engineering, School of Human Life and Environmental Science, Ochanomizu University

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Abstract

Effects of the distribution of skin surface temperature were investigated on thermal insulation of clothing for whole and each body part. The experiments were carried out with a thermal manikin in a climatic chamber. The two types of clothing ensemble were measured. The measurement with nude thermal manikin were also conducted. The three variations of skin temperature distribution were set with the thermal manikin. The values of the thermal insulation of nude skin surface (Ia), the total thermal insulation of clothing (It) and the basic thermal insulation of clothing (Icl) were measured with this thermal manikin under each skin temperature distribution. As a result, the values of Ia and It were not affected by skin temperature distributions of the range of typical experimental conditions. However, It is necessary to carefully use the values of the thermal insulation of clothing for the body parts, because these values were more influenced by the skin temperature distribution than those for the whole body.

Journal

  • Applied Human Science

    Applied Human Science 16 (5), 181-189, 1997

    Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology

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