The Principles and Applications of Biofeedback Therapy(<Special Issue>Utility of Biofeedback Therapy in Psychosomatic Medicine)

  • Hirota Akihisa
    Department of Child Psychology, Faculty of Child Studies, Kamakura Women's University

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Other Title
  • バイオフィードバック療法の原理と適用(<特集>心身医療に活かすバイオフィードバック療法)
  • バイオフィードバック療法の原理と適用
  • バイオフィードバック リョウホウ ノ ゲンリ ト テキヨウ

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Biofeedback therapy is a treatment method based on the methodology of biofeedback. The essential aspect of biofeedback is the process by which information on the physiological states of an organism is returned to the organism itself. With the information gained through biofeedback, clients can learn to change their physiological responses, thereby improving their health and performance. Biofeedback is applied to many disorders and is effective for a range of health problems ; for example, in reducing blood pressure in hypertensives. EMG biofeedback is used to treat many disorders related to muscle activities, such as tension headache, spasmodic torticollis, mogigraphia, clenching behavior, incontinence, and constipation. Clinical studies indicate that thermal biofeedback may ease symptoms of migraine headache and Raynaud's disease. Biofeedback training on respiratory resistance was shown to be effective for reducing the resistance in asthmatics. Recently, controlled studies have shown that heart rate variability biofeedback is also effective for reducing the symptoms of asthma. Heart rate variability biofeedback is also presumed to be useful for improving the function of the autonomic nervous system. A review of the treatment of seizure disorders using EEG biofeedback showed significant seizure reduction and reductions in seizure severity. EEG biofeedback (also called neurofeedback) has emerged as one of the dominant forces in the field of biofeedback. Neurofeedback is rapidly developing into one of the clinical tools for the treatment of neurobehavioral-based disorders and other problems that have a CNS origin. The main purpose of the biofeedback for psychosomatic disease is relaxation. Biofeedback for relaxation is more effective when combined with other relaxation techniques such as autogenic training or progressive relaxation. Biofeedback adapts subjective bodily feeling to objective bodily state, and in treatment is useful for encouraging awareness of mind-body interaction.



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