A Few Remarks on the Hou Hanshu by Liu Zhao : A Discussion on Ji Zhu Hou Han 集注後漢


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  • 劉昭の『後漢書』注について : 『集注後漢』の内容をめぐって
  • リュウショウ ノ ゴ カンジョ チュウ ニ ツイテ シュウチュウ ゴカン ノ

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It is well known that Liu Zhao 劉昭 of the Liang Dynasty 梁朝 added the eight treatises of Sima Biao's 司馬彪 Xu Hanshu 続漢書 to Fan Ye's 范曄 Hou Hanshu 後漢書, which had hitherto lacked treatises. In his previous research, the author examined Liu Zhao's character and the work of completing the Ji Zhu Hou Han with the intention of clarifying the process by which Liu Zhao chose the eight treatises of Sima Biao's Xu Hanshu for Fan Ye's Hou Hanshu, by analyzing why Liu Zhao added those treatises to Hou Hanshu, and discussing his view of history books. In this paper, he confirms the relationship between the "Jizhuanbu" 紀伝部; Annals and Biographies and "Bazhi" 八志; eight treatises in the 180 volumes of the ji Zhu Hou Han, examines the contents of Liu Zhao's notes and his intention apparent in them, and clarifies whether or not Liu Zhao's made notes for the Xu Hanshu. His conclusions are as follows. (1) Upon examining how in the Ji Zhu Hou Han, Liu Zhao treated "Jizhuanbu" of the Hou Hanshu and "Bazhi" of the Xu Hanshu, both of which constituted the one book, Ji Zhu Hou Han, he concludes that when "Bazhi" was added to "Jizhuanbu" the author's name and the title were completely cut from the book, and the book was recognized as an absolutely different book. from the original and as a part of the Hou Hanshu. (2) The 180 volumes of the ji Zhu Hou Han were a combination of the 30 volumes of the Xu Hanshu, which is considered to have been originally 8 volumes, the nearly 150 volumes of the Hou Hanshu, which is considered to have been originally 90 volumes, and some other passages. He also concludes that the number of volumes increased because Liu Zhao inserted quite a few notes right after each word and phrase in the text. (3) "Jizhuanbu" and "Bazhi" were complementary in the contents of Liu Zhao's notes for the Ji Zhu Hou Han, and the notes were aimed at collecting and describing various events and occurrences that had not been referred to in either of the parts, not at interpreting and explaining the words and sentences in the Hou Hanshu. Liu Zhao's intention evident in the notes coincided with the purpose of complementing the Hou Hanshu. His intention was (a) to reproduce Fan Ye's Hou Hanshu, which he recognized as the best historical material of for the Hou Han Era, as the authentic chronicles of the age both in name and reality, (b) to complete Ji Zhu Hou Han, which was a great compilation of historical materials, by inserting his own notes to the Hou Hanshu, and (c) to pass on the ji Zhu Hou Han to generations to come and contribute to future study. (4) The author assumes indirectly that Liu Zhao did not write the notes for the Xu Hanshu.



    SHIGAKU ZASSHI 106 (7), 1299-1318,1419-, 1997

    The Historical Society of Japan


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