Reliability and Validity of Multidimensional Empathy Scale for Children

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  • 児童用多次元共感性尺度の信頼性・妥当性の検討
  • ジドウヨウ タジゲン キョウカンセイ シャクド ノ シンライセイ ダトウセイ ノ ケントウ

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A multidimensional scale for measuring empathy in elementary school children was developed and its reliability and validity investigated. Results indicated adequate internal consistency and temporal stability of the scale, suggesting it had good reliability. Correlations with Prosocial Behavior and Social Desirability Scales indicated sufficient validity of the scale. In addition, results of confirmatory factor analysis supported the Davis finding (1983) that empathy had four components. Development of empathy in elementary school children, as well as problems such as children's acquiescence set were also discussed.


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