A Learning Support for Interpreting Museum Objects Through a Cognitive Orientation of Museum
- Other Title
- ビジュツカン ガクシュウ ショシンシャ ノ タメ ノ ハクブツカン ニンチ オリエンテーション モデル ノ テイアン
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Learning in museums is considered that visitors construct their original knowledge or experiences through museum objects as learning resources. However, it is said that they need museum literacy to interpret them, and such literacy is not an innate but acquired ability from their previous knowledge and experiences. Unfamiliar visitors tend to fail museum learning because of their lacks of the literacy. Therefore, museums should compensate their shortages to develop their learning, but the way has yet to be revealed. This study aims to propose a way to support museum visitors to construct an interpretive framework for studying objects. We analyzed what kind of information constitutes museum literacy by reference to the previous researches. According to this analysis, we outlined a pedagogical process model named as the Cognitive Orientation of Museum and developed a learning material based on the COM to investigate this effect on an actual museum experience. We investigated the effects through a comparative experiment between the COM material and the other interpretative material. As a result, the COM model showed the positive effects on the users' museum learning.
- Japan Journal of Educational Technology
Japan Journal of Educational Technology 33 (1), 11-21, 2009
Japan Society for Educational Technology