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Project Activities of Agricultural Practice for Youth Carried Out As Part of the Nosangyoson-Keizai-Kosei-Undo : a Case from Sanomura, Nakagun, Ibaraki Prefecture

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Other Title
  • 農山漁村経済更生運動下の青年期教育における農業実習のプロジェクト活動 : 茨城県那珂郡佐野村の事例から
  • ノウサンギョソン ケイザイコウセイ ウンドウ カ ノ セイネンキ キョウイク ニ オケル ノウギョウ ジッシュウ ノ プロジェクト カツドウ : イバラキケンナカグン サノムラ ノ ジレイ カラ

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Abstract

This monograph primarily focuses on a case observed in Sanomura (present day Hitachinakashi), Nakagun, Ibaraki Prefecture in the mid-1930s. This occurred after the outbreak of the Showa Depression in 1929 and, at the time, agricultural youth practice was being carried out in the village as part of the Nosangyoson-Keizai-Kosei-Undo. Through analyzing the content and structure of said agricultural practice, this paper hopes to offer an insight into the educational significance and characteristics of technical and vocational education. This practice was aimed at the young non-elite class who lived in agricultural villages before and during the Pacific War, a time when Asia as a whole had become increasingly militant. Specifically, this essay shall cover a period stretching from the Manchurian Incident in 1931 up to the Potsdam Declaration in 1945. Through writing this monograph, the following information became clear. From the mid-1930s onwards, agricultural practice became an increasingly important part of post-compulsory education in schools for the young non-elite in Sanomura. Agricultural practice became more and more well known and the agricultural subjects of both upper elementary schools and youth schools offered agricultural students the chance to practically apply their knowledge. The agricultural subjects of youth schools, that fully embraced the Keizai-Kosei-Keikaku, were set as the standard, with elementary school's basing their departments on the youth school model. Both school types aimed to produce people who would be prepared to undertake various kinds of farming in the future. This would be achieved by encouraging the students to build up the strength of character required to continuously repeat trial and error, while mixing creativity with both scientific and logical thinking. This type of agricultural practice was also referred to as "research", having been initially devised as a problem-solving project.

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