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A memory facilitation effect due to the comparison process within self-choice

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Other Title
  • 自己選択時の比較過程による記憶促進効果
  • ジコ センタクジ ノ ヒカク カテイ ニ ヨル キオク ソクシン コウカ

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Abstract

The self-choice effect states that self-selected items are more likely to be remembered than items selected by an experimenter. This study examines whether the mere short-term retention of items during selection is sufficient or whether a comparison among items is required for the self-choice effect to manifest itself. In Experiment 1, during each selection, participants were assigned to one of four conditions; a forced-choice condition (only retain instructed item in short-term memory), a delayed-choice condition (retain all items in short-term memory), a compared-choice condition, and a self-choice condition. The recall rates of chosen items in the first two conditions showed no differences, but they were lower in the second two conditions. These results indicate that comparisons among items during the selection are necessary to facilitate later recall. In Experiment 2, both semantic and non-semantic comparison criteria failed to produce different recall rates. Thus, it is difficult to explain the facilitated recall rate within the compared-choice condition merely by semantic processing.

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Details

  • CRID
    1390282680314045696
  • NII Article ID
    130002142429
  • NII Book ID
    AA11971335
  • DOI
    10.5265/jcogpsy.10.37
  • ISSN
    21850321
    13487264
  • NDL BIB ID
    023994194
  • Text Lang
    ja
  • Data Source
    • JaLC
    • NDL
    • Crossref
    • CiNii Articles

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