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- ジコ センタクジ ノ ヒカク カテイ ニ ヨル キオク ソクシン コウカ
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The self-choice effect states that self-selected items are more likely to be remembered than items selected by an experimenter. This study examines whether the mere short-term retention of items during selection is sufficient or whether a comparison among items is required for the self-choice effect to manifest itself. In Experiment 1, during each selection, participants were assigned to one of four conditions; a forced-choice condition (only retain instructed item in short-term memory), a delayed-choice condition (retain all items in short-term memory), a compared-choice condition, and a self-choice condition. The recall rates of chosen items in the first two conditions showed no differences, but they were lower in the second two conditions. These results indicate that comparisons among items during the selection are necessary to facilitate later recall. In Experiment 2, both semantic and non-semantic comparison criteria failed to produce different recall rates. Thus, it is difficult to explain the facilitated recall rate within the compared-choice condition merely by semantic processing.
- The Japanese Journal of Cognitive Psychology
The Japanese Journal of Cognitive Psychology 10 (1), 37-47, 2012
The Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology