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Influence of parental smoking on junior high school students' perceptions of smoking

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  • 中学生の喫煙に対する認識に及ぼす父母の喫煙の影響
  • チュウガクセイ ノ キツエン ニ タイスル ニンシキ ニ オヨボス チチハハ ノ キツエン ノ エイキョウ

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Abstract

Introduction : This study aimed to clarify any associations between familial smoking, especially parental smoking, and high school students' perceptions of smoking.<br>Methods : Questionnaires on familial smoking and the Kano Test for Social Nicotine Dependence (KTSND) were distributed to junior high school students. The KTSND is a tool to evaluate positive perceptions of smoking. We analyzed the relationship between the total KTSND score and school grade, gender, familial smoking, paternal smoking, and maternal smoking.<br>Results : We received 761 valid responses (valid response rate : 90.4%). Five hundred forty-three students had family members who smoked (71.4%), 394 had smoking fathers (51.8%), and 214, smoking mothers (28.1%). The total KTSND score correlated with familial smoking (10.55 vs 9.46, <italic>p</italic>=0.009) and maternal smoking (11.18 vs 9.87, <italic>p</italic>=0.002).<br>Conclusion : Familial smoking, especially maternal smoking, correlated with positive perceptions of high school students towards smoking. Promoting smoking cessation in women with children may be effective in preventing tobacco use among children.

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