The Role of Graphic Aids in Comprehension of an Expository Prose

  • IWATSUKI KEIKO
    THE DOCTORAL RESEARCH COURSE IN HUMAN CULTURE, OCHANOMIZU UNIVERSITY JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

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  • 説明文理解における要点を表わす図表の役割
  • セツメイブン リカイ ニ オケル ヨウテン オ アラワス ズヒョウ ノ ヤクワ

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Abstract

This study examined the effects of graphic aids on comprehension of an expository prose concerning fictitious medicines. In order to investigate whether graphic aids would facilitate comprehension regardless of difference of the prose structures the prose appeared in two versions differing only in structure. Undergraduates who lacked prior knowledge about medicines read one of these proses that contained either graphic aids which summarized the prose, summary sentences which contained the same contents as graphic aids, or no aids. In Experiments 1 and 2, both graphic aids and a summary facilitated recall of information overlapped in the prose, graphic aids and a summary. But graphic aids made subjects produce greater recall of implicit relations in the prose than did a summary and no aids. Furthermore, graphic aids made subjects perform better transfer tests which required deep understanding than did a summary and no aids in Experiment 2. All results were obtained regardless of difference of the prose structures. These findings suggested that graphic aids would enable readers to compute implicit information to make it explicit more efficiently than just a summary.

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