The Effects of Inclination Angles on Mixed Convective Backward-Facing Step Flow and Heat Transfer.

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  • 後ろ向きステップ共存対流の三次元熱流動に対する傾斜角の影響
  • ウシロ ムキ ステップ キョウゾン タイリュウ ノ 3ジゲン ネツ リュウドウ

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Three-dimensional numerical simulations were carried out for mixed convective flows over a backward-facing step in a rectangular duct. Reynolds number, expansion ratio and aspect ratio were kept constant at Re=125, ER=2 and AR=16, respectively. Heat flux at the wall downstream of the step was kept uniform, while other walls were kept at adiabatic condition. Effect of the inclination angles, θ1, θ2, was the main objective in this study. It was found that when θ1 was varied, the effect of buoyancy became prominent at θ1=0°, 180°, while the effect was relatively small for the two horizontal cases (θ1=90°, 270°). However, there was still small difference between θ1=90° and 270° in the region immediately after the step where the flow was relatively slow. When θ2 was varied, flow and thermal fields could no longer be considered as two dimensional, except when θ2=-90°, 90°. The maximum Nusselt Number, which appears symmetrically near the side walls in pure forced convection cases, was obtained at only one location close to the lower side wall.



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