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A Study on the Measurement of Computer Anxiety Scale for Junior High School Students

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  • 中学生版コンピュータ不安検査の開発
  • チュウガクセイバン コンピュータ フアン ケンサ ノ カイハツ

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Abstract

We developed Computer Anxiety Scale for Junior High School Studets (CASJ) which consists of 32 questions to be answered "Yes or No", based on the research into anxieties about a computer among junior high school students and the Computer Anxiety Rating Scale for University Students (developed by Weil, M. & Rosen, D. : CARS). For the standardization of this scale, then, the reliability and validity were verified. A total subjects were 1195 junior high school students. The results of an item analysis, goodness of fit test and the test-retest reliability coefficient showed that the reliability of the questionnaire was high. CASJ obtained moderate correlation with a Japanese version of the Test Anxiety Scale for Junior High School Students (r=0.563) and low correlation with the Self Esteem Scale (r=-0.218). And also, a factor analysis of the 32 items, using the principal factors method with varimax rotations, yielded well-defined the following four factors. 1) Worry for failure accompanied by computer operation. 2) active interest in computer. 3) sense of strain felt about a computer. 4) physical sign accompanied by Anxiety about a computer. Further, it is the general tendency among junior high school students that the mean CASJ sores for girls were found to be higher then boys across the school years and the developmental trends of CASJ sores showed the decrease incline.

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