The Structure of The Student's Preconceptions toward Instructional Media : Cases of four subjects

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  • 児童・生徒の学習メディアに対する先有知覚の構造 : 四つの教科において
  • 児童・生徒の学習メディアに対する先有知覚の構造--4つの教科において
  • ジドウ セイト ノ ガクシュウ メディア ニ タイスル センユウ チカク ノ

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to make clear how two types of preconceptions (difficulty, and learning expectancy) were perceived in the four subjects(korean, arithmetic/mathmatics, social study, and science) by students when they were taught through a variety of instructional media, and to find out whether or not Teacher's teaching method functions as a factor affecting the student's preconceptions as well as to investigate the relationship between student's preconceptions and teacher's teaching method. The results were as follows: (1)The differences among the preconceptions of different media activities were not significant from subject to subject. Or rather, there was a common tendency toward media activities through the four subjects. (2)The results support the relationships of these two dimensions, difficulty, and learning expectancy, through the four subjects as suggested in the learning model developed by Salomon(1984). (3)It was suggested that teacher's teaching method was also a factor which affected student's preconceptions.

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