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An Empirical study on Organizational behavior in Management of School Physical Education


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Other Title
  • 学校体育経営における組織行動特性に関する実証的研究


The purpose of this study was to examine Takekuma's model of community of knowledge - ambiguity about organizational behavior in management of physical education. Furthermore, this study also aimed to verify several hypotheses that were deduced from this model. Data were collected from 537 managers of physical education in elementary schools, junior high schools and high schools by questionnairs. The managers of physical education were required to reply to the items about organizational behavior, physical education improvement, style of organizational learning, organizational climate, task environment and managerial behavior. The results were obtained by applications of ANOVA and multiple regression analysis. Main findings were summarized as follows: 1) Organizational behaviors on physical education class in elementary school and club service were categorized in "autonomous behavior". Organizational behaviors on physical education class in junior high and high school had an inclination to "self-reflected behavior" or "fixed behavior". 2) "Fixed behavior" was most effective in four typical behaviors, and "autonomous behavior" was least effective. From the viewpoint of getting higher the organizational effectiveness, it needed to own jointly the process of sense-making and to have agenda. Under the conditions of possessing the knowledge (or information), it was important to exclude the ambiguity. 3) The degree of "occupation-community of knowledge" and "exclusion-retention of ambiguity" were depended on style of organizational learning, organizational climate, and managerial behavior.



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