Poliovirus Studies during the Endgame of the Polio Eradication Program

  • Arita Minetaro
    Department of Virology II, National Institute of Infectious Diseases

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Since the beginning of Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, poliomyelitis cases caused by wild poliovirus (PV) have been drastically reduced, with only 74 cases reported in 2 endemic countries in 2015. The current limited PV transmission suggests that we are in the endgame of the polio eradication program. However, specific challenges have emerged in the endgame, including tight budget, switching of the vaccines, and changes in biorisk management of PV. To overcome these challenges, several PV studies have been implemented in the eradication program. Some of the responses to the emerging challenges in the polio endgame might be valuable in other infectious diseases eradication programs. Here, I will review challenges that confront the polio eradication program and current research to address these challenges.


  • Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases

    Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 70 (1), 1-6, 2017

    National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases Editorial Committee


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