The Future of Socialization of Childcare : Transitions in Family Day Care Policies and Recognition of Family Day Care Providers

  • SOMA Naoko

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  • 「子育ての社会化」のゆくえ : 「保育ママ制度」をめぐる政策・保育者の認識に着目して
  • コソダテ ノ シャカイカ ノ ユクエ ホイク ママ セイド オ メグル セイサク ホイクシャ ノ ニンシキ ニ チャクモク シテ

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"Socialization of childcare" has three aspects ; shift of the caregiver from the parents of children to others, cooperation in providing childcare, and re-< socialization> occurs in the process of "socialization". This study examine the role family day care homes have played in the national and local childcare policies and how the family day care providers are now thinking about their work. This study is based on the analysis of discourses of family policies and interviews of family day care providers in Setagaya, Tokyo. The study points out that in the policy, family day care has primarily been regarded as housewives' work, but now also as care work itself. Family day care providers think of themselves at the same time as "experienced mothers" and as "not volunteer""care workers with skills". Now not only family day care policies, but also providers are in transition. If we don't have a drastic reform of family day care policy now, the feminization of childcare in the local community will progress further. We need further discussion on gender-neutral family day care policy and the future of the concept of "socialization of childcare".


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