Analysis of Biphasic Right Ventricular Outflow Doppler Waveform in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension

  • Horizoe Yoshihisa
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University
  • Takasaki Kunitsugu
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University
  • Miyata Masaaki
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University
  • Chaen Hideto
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University
  • Kubota Kayoko
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University
  • Mizukami Naoko
    Department of Clinical Laboratory, Kagoshima University Hospital
  • Yuasa Toshinori
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University
  • Kisanuki Akira
    School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University
  • Ohishi Mitsuru
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University

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Other Title
  • Estimation of Pulmonary Vascular Resistance

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Abstract

<p>Pulmonary hypertension (PH) with pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) is a progressive and debilitating disease associated with increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Biphasic right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) Doppler flow is frequently seen in severe PH patients with PVD. In association with hemodynamics, the precise analysis of biphasic RVOT Doppler flow (RVDF) has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to analyze the relation between the hemodynamics and indices of biphasic RVDF in PH patients with PVD.</p><p>Seventy PH patients with biphasic RVDF were analyzed. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography and right heart catheterization. For the analysis of biphasic RVDF, the early waveform was determined as P1 while the late waveform was determined as P2. For each P1 and P2, the duration (D, seconds) and peak flow velocity (PFV, in m/second) were measured.</p><p>P1D and P2PFV were significantly correlated with PVR (P1D: r = −0.542, P < 0.0001, P2PFV: r = −0.513, P < 0.0001). Therefore, we propose a novel RVDF formula for estimation of PVR, as follows. PVR = 26 − 77 × P1D - 14 × P2PFV. The PVR could be estimated by this proposed formula (r = 0.649, P < 0.0001), which is derived from one Doppler image only unlike previously used PVR prediction formula.</p><p>P1D and P2PFV were associated with PVR. Moreover, this simple RVDF formula proposed herein can estimate PVR in PH patients with PVD.</p>

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