Changes in Axial Length and Choroidal Thickness Wearing Corrective Glasses for Hyperopia with Amblyopia or Esotropia

  • Sato Chihiro
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University
  • Kasai Ayaka
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University
  • Mori Takafumi
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University
  • Matsuno Nozomi
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University
  • Nitta Miwa
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University
  • Hashimoto Teiko
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University Sakuramizu-Sakai Eye Clinic
  • Saito Akiko
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University
  • Sekiryu Tetsuju
    Department of Ophthalmology, Fukushima Medical University

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Other Title
  • 遠視の屈折矯正を行った弱視と内斜視の眼軸長と脈絡膜厚の変化

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Abstract

<p>[Purpose] We investigated the changes in axial length (AL) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in children who wore corrective glasses for hyperopia. </p><p>[Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 36 eyes of 18 children who wore corrective glasses for hyperopia or hyperopic astigmatism to treat amblyopia or esotropia. When the subjects received a cycloplegic refraction test with 1% Atropine eye drops twice daily for 7 days at 3 and 4 years of age, measurements of spherical equivalent (SE), AL, and corneal curvature radius (CCR) using an optical biometer and SFCT using optical coherence tomography were obtained.</p><p>[Results] The amounts of changes in SE, AL, CCR, and SFCT between 3 and 4 years of age were +0.32±0.55 D, +0.19±0.17 mm, +0.02±0.03 mm, and +10±27µm, respectively. A strong negative correlation was found between the changes in SE and AL (r = -0.80, P < 0.01). No significant correlation was seen between the changes in SE and SFCT (r = 0.15, P = 0.38). Although increasing AL showed a tendency for decreasing SFCT, the correlation appeared weak (r = -0.29, P = 0.08).</p><p>[Conclusion] No uniform change in AL or SFCT was observed in children who wore corrective glasses for hyperopia to treat amblyopia or esotropia.</p>

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