INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS AND THE SENSE OF BELONGING IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH MENTAL DISORDERS

  • SUGAYA Tomokazu
    Ibaraki Prefectural Medical Center of Psychiatry University of Tsukuba Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences Doctoral Program in Nursing Science
  • MORI Chizuru
    University of Tsukuba Faculty of Medicine

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Other Title
  • 児童・思春期精神科外来を受診している中学生の対人関係と居場所感の特徴
  • ジドウ ・ シシュンキ セイシンカ ガイライ オ ジュシン シテ イル チュウガクセイ ノ タイジン カンケイ ト イバショカン ノ トクチョウ

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Abstract

<p>The sense of belonging is an important concept for adolescents. While child and adolescent psychiatry highlights the necessity of supporting ibasyo (sense of belonging), its features are not yet clearly understood. The purpose of this study was to clarify the connection between interpersonal relations and the sense of belonging in junior high school students with mental disorders. A self-administered questionnaire was used to survey 188 junior high school students visiting a child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinic. Interpersonal relations were investigated in four contexts where the participants might experience a sense of belonging, namely: the home situation, friend situation, class situation, and hospital situation. A nonparametric test was performed setting the statistical significance level at 5%. In most cases, the “home” situation was scored highest regarding sense of belonging, while the “class” situation was scored lowest. The “hospital” situation tended to be scored higher than the “class” situation, and there was a greater tendency for girls to score lower for sense of belonging in “friend” and “class” situations than boys. Furthermore, we observed a trend for sense of belonging scores in the “friend”, “class”, and “hospital” situations to decrease with increase in academic performance. Participants who frequently talked with a parent scored high for sense of belonging in the “home” situation. Likewise, participants who frequently talked with friends scored high for “sense of belonging” in “friend” and “class” situations. Our results indicate that the sense of belonging in junior high school students with mental disorders is associated with interpersonal relations with family, friends, and peers, and that they are able to obtain a sense of security through involvement in such relationships. The findings suggested the need and importance of initiatives to help child and adolescent psychiatry outpatients develop relationships with their peers in order to foster the sense of belonging.</p>

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