Formation of Photocatalytically Active TiO<sub>2</sub> Layers on Ti–Nb Alloys by Two-Step Thermal Oxidation

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  • Formation of Photocatalytically Active TiO2 Layers on Ti–Nb Alloys by Two-Step Thermal Oxidation
  • Formation of photocatalytic active TiO2 layers on Ti-Nb alloys by two-step thermal oxidation

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Abstract

<p>A two-step thermal oxidation process was applied to Ti–xNb binary alloys (x = 0, 1, 10, 15, and 30 at%) to prepare anatase-containing TiO2 layers, and their photocatalytic activities were evaluated by measuring the water contact angle and decomposition of methylene blue (MB) under UV irradiation. The condition of the first-step treatment was fixed as heating in Ar–1%CO atmosphere at 1073 K for 3.6 ks, and the subsequent second-step treatment was conducted in air at 673–1073 K for 10.8 ks. The reaction layer formed after the two-step thermal oxidation consisted of TiO2. The anatase fraction of the TiO2 layers increased with decreasing second-step temperature and increasing Nb content of the Ti–Nb alloys. In addition, Nb and carbon were introduced into the TiO2 layers. A water contact angle of around 5° was observed on the TiO2 layers formed at the second-step temperatures of 673–973 K. The rate constant of MB decomposition showed a maximum for an anatase fraction of 0.6–0.8 at which the recombination of exited electrons and holes are suppressed. The TiO2 layer formed on the Ti–10 at%Nb alloy exhibited a higher rate constant of MB decomposition compared with Ti–30 at%Nb, in which the TiNb2O7 phase formed. These results indicate that Nb is an effective alloying element for producing a photocatalytically active TiO2 layer on Ti by the two-step thermal oxidation process. Nevertheless, the presence of an anatase-rich TiO2 layer and an appropriate Nb content in TiO2 are required for achieving high photocatalytic activities.</p>

Journal

  • MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS

    MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS 60 (9), 1814-1820, 2019-07-01

    The Japan Institute of Metals and Materials

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