Health Education Class Emphasizing the Fostering Norm-Consciousness in High School to Prevent Risk Behaviors

  • Kataoka Chie
    Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba
  • Nozu Yuji
    Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba

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  • 高校生における危険行動防止のための規範意識の育成を重視した保健教育の授業実践
  • コウコウセイ ニ オケル キケン コウドウ ボウシ ノ タメ ノ キハン イシキ ノ イクセイ オ ジュウシ シタ ホケン キョウイク ノ ジュギョウ ジッセン

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Abstract

<p>Background: To prevent youth risk behaviors, which is an important task of school health education in Japan, it was showed that we have focused on norm-consciousness (Kataoka C et al., 2010; 2012).</p><p>Objective: In this study, we developed a class model that emphasizes the fostering of norm-consciousness in high school students and examined the efficacy of the model by before-after study design.</p><p>Methods: Participants of this study were a total of 40 students (20 males, 20 females) of two classes in their second year at a 3-year Japanese public high school that agreed to cooperate with the survey through the snowball sampling method. The person who was responsible for the class was a health and physical education teacher at the high school. The class was evaluated by before-after study design. A two-hour class was split into an hour class per day and was held for two consecutive days in December 2017. A pre-survey was carried out a week before, and a post-survey was carried out on the day after the second day of the class. The class was held during a special homeroom activity time.</p><p>Results: Positive responses were obtained from the students in the process evaluation, which was carried out to avoid type III errors. Regarding the contents of the class, 92.5% of the students thought that the class was easy to understand, and 87.5% became interested in the class. Regarding the learning condition, 92.5% felt that they were able to deepen their thoughts and creativity, and 95.0% were able to actively participate in group learning. In the impact evaluation, the score for the scale of norm-consciousness at the school significantly increased after the class was held (p<0.05). Furthermore, as the norm-consciousness before and after the class was qualitatively examined by text mining, it was found that the students deepened their understanding on norm-consciousness.</p><p>Conclusion: The developed class model was considered to be effective for improving norm-consciousness related to risk behaviors.</p>

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