[Updated on Apr. 18] Integration of CiNii Articles into CiNii Research

Increasing Positive Social Behavior During Play With a Child With PDD-NOS Using a Naturalistic Training Package That Includes Humorous Acts: A Case Study

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  • 遊び場面における広汎性発達障害幼児のポジティブな社会的行動に対するユーモアを含んだ介入パッケージの効果
  • アソビ バメン ニ オケル コウハンセイ ハッタツ ショウガイ ヨウジ ノ ポジティブ ナ シャカイテキ コウドウ ニ タイスル ユーモア オ フクンダ カイニュウ パッケージ ノ コウカ

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Abstract

<p>Study objective: To investigate whether a naturalistic training package including humorous acts can effectively increase the positive social behavior of a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Design: A-B-A-B reversal design. Setting: Free play on the floor of a testing room at the university. Participant: A boy (5 years 5 months) with Pervasive Development Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Intervention: Full package of (a) tactile events, (b) auditory events, (c) visual events, (d) teasing, (e) delay of reinforcement, and (f) extended contingent imitation. Measure: 3 dependent variables (eye contact, smile, eye contact+smile) were scored at 15-second intervals, using occurrence/non-occurrence data. During each session, 40 intervals were recorded. Results: Increases in the 3 positive social behaviors during the intervention phases. Conclusion: Implementation of the naturalistic training package including humorous acts was effective in increasing the frequency of social behavior in a child with autism spectrum disorder.</p>

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