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Burden and Long Firing of Premature Atrial Contraction Early After Catheter Ablation Predict Late Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation

  • Inoue Hiroyuki
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine
  • Tanaka Nobuaki
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Tanaka Koji
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Ninomiya Yuichi
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital Department of Cardiovascular Medicine and Hypertension, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University
  • Hirao Yuko
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Oka Takafumi
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Okada Masato
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Kitagaki Ryo
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Takayasu Kohtaro
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital Cardiovascular Division, National Hospital Organization Osaka National Hospital
  • Koyama Yasushi
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Okamura Atsunori
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Iwakura Katsuomi
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Fujii Kenshi
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital
  • Sakata Yasushi
    Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine
  • Inoue Koichi
    Cardiovascular Center, Sakurabashi Watanabe Hospital

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Abstract

<p>Background:Associations between characteristics of premature atrial contraction (PAC) 6 months after catheter ablation (CA) and later recurrence are not known. We investigated the effects of PAC characteristics on long-term outcomes of initially successful atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation.</p><p>Methods and Results:In all, 378 patients (mean age 61 years, 21% female, 67% paroxysmal AF) who underwent initial radiofrequency CA for AF without recurrence up to 24-h Holter monitoring 6 months after the procedure were reviewed retrospectively. The calculated number of PAC/24 h and the length of the longest PAC run during Holter recording were analyzed. After 4.3±1.2 years (mean±SD) follow-up, 123 (32.5%) patients experienced late recurrence. Patients with recurrence had significantly more PAC/24 h (median [interquartile range] 110 [33–228] vs. 42 [16–210]; P<0.01) and a longer longest PAC run (5 [2–8] vs. 3 [1–5]; P<0.01) than those without. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated 58 PAC/24 h and a longest PAC run of 5 were optimal cut-off values for predicting recurrence. After adjusting for previously reported predictors of late recurrence, frequent PAC (≥58/24 h) and longest PAC run ≥5 were found to be independent predictors of late recurrence (hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals] 1.93 [1.24–3.02; P<0.01] and 1.81 [1.20–2.76; P<0.01], respectively).</p><p>Conclusions:Six months after successful AF ablation, both frequent PAC and long PAC run are independent predictors of late recurrence.</p>

Journal

  • Circulation Journal

    Circulation Journal 84 (6), 894-901, 2020-05-25

    The Japanese Circulation Society

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