Efficacy and Safety of Left Atrial Appendage Closure With WATCHMAN in Japanese Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients ― Final 2-Year Follow-up Outcome Data From the SALUTE Trial ―

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<p>Background:The SALUTE trial was a prospective, multicenter, single-arm trial to confirm the safety and efficacy of the WATCHMAN left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) device for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in Japan.</p><p>Methods and Results:A total of 54 subjects (including 12 roll-in subjects) with a WATCHMAN implant procedure were followed in 10 investigational centers. Follow-up visits were performed up to 2 years post-implant. The baseline CHA2DS2-VASc score was 3.6±1.6 and the baseline HAS-BLED score was 3.0±1.1. All 42 subjects in the intention to treat (ITT) cohort underwent successful implantation of the LAAC device without any serious complications, achieving the prespecified performance goal. The effective LAAC rate was maintained at 100% from 45 days to 12 months post-implant, achieving the prespecified performance goal. During follow-up, 1 subject died of heart failure, and 3 had ischemic strokes, but there were no cases of hemorrhagic stroke or systemic embolism. All events were adjudicated as unrelated to the WATCHMAN device/procedure by the independent Clinical Events Committee. All 3 ischemic strokes were classified as nondisabling based on no change in the modified Rankin scale score.</p><p>Conclusions:Final results of the SALUTE trial demonstrated that the WATCHMAN LAAC device is an effective and safe alternative nonpharmacological therapy for stroke risk reduction in Japanese NVAF patients who are not optimal candidates for lifelong anticoagulation. (Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT 03033134)</p>

Journal

  • Circulation Journal

    Circulation Journal 84 (8), 1237-1243, 2020-07-22

    The Japanese Circulation Society

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