Visualization and evaluation of the relation between the estimated sleep satisfaction levels using nonlinear multiple regression analysis and autonomic nervous system

Abstract

<p>In this paper, the relation between estimated instantaneous sleep satisfaction using nonlinear multiple regression analysis and activity of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) is visualized and evaluated using the proposed scatter plot chart. We made a hypothesis and tested it such that the parasympathetic nerve activity (PNA) index representing the relaxation component rises as enhancement of the estimated instantaneous satisfaction level, and the sympathetic nerve activity index representing the stress component rises as reduction of the estimated instantaneous satisfaction level, during sleep. In the results of these experiments, when the average value per night of estimated instantaneous sleep satisfaction during sleep was level 3 or more, the number of points which are estimated satisfaction of level 3 or more, in the PNA index above the average value, was greater than that of less than level 3. It was found that the proposed method is effective for evaluating states of the ANS in sleep.</p>

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