Changes in Lumbopelvic Motion and Trunk Muscle Activity during 2000 m Rowing Ergometer Trial

  • Sekine Chie
    Department of Physical Therapy, Niigata University of Health and Welfare
  • Matsunaga Naoto
    General Education Core Curriculum Division, Seigakuin University
  • Kaneoka Koji
    Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University

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<p>The changes in lumbopelvic motion and trunk muscle activity occurring during 2000 m rowing in elite collegiate rowers (five men and three women with rowing careers of 5.6±2.1 years) were investigated. The pelvic inclination and the lumbar angle were calculated. Surface electrodes were attached to the rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, multifidus, erector spinae, latissimus dorsi, rectus femoris, and biceps femoris. Three consecutive strokes at the 20% and 80% time-points of a 2000 m race simulation were analyzed. The root-mean-square was calculated during the early drive phase, late drive phase, and recovery phase. Root-mean-square amplitude was normalized by maximum voluntary contraction. Between two time-points, paired t-tests for each angle and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests for each muscle were performed. Biceps femoris activity during the late drive phase and rectus abdominis activity during the recovery phase decreased significantly in prolonged rowing. Posterior inclination of the pelvis at the catch and middle positions, lumbar flexion at the catch position, and activity of the erector spinae and multifidus during the early drive phase increased significantly in prolonged rowing. The inability to maintain the set position during the recovery phase owing to decreased rectus abdominis activity may lead to excessive posterior pelvic tilt in the catch position. Since an increase in the posterior inclination of the pelvis and lumbar flexion occurred in apparent opposition to erector spinae and multifidus function, repetitive rowing may have decreased the control of the intersegmental motion of the lumbar spine.</p>



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