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中東考古学と年代学(第17回名古屋大学タンデトロン加速器質量分析計シンポジウム平成16(2004)年度報告)

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Abstract

Following a brief review of the history of applications of radiocarbon dating technology to the Middle Eastern archaeology in general, this paper addresses new data for the oldest pottery of Upper Mesopotamia. Proto-Hassuna pottery is generally thought to represent the oldest Pottery Neolithic entity of Upper Mesopotamia, starting from around 6900 cal. BC. However, the ongoing excavations at the Neolithic site of Tell Seker al-Aheimar, Northeast Syria, yielded a new group of pottery assemblages clearly preceding the Proto-Hassuna, with radiocarbon dates indicating its use for a period of ca. 6900-6600 cal. BC. The dates are in fact those previously assigned to the Proto-Hassuna, which raise a serious question to the current consensus in the literature. Then charcoal samples from the Proto-Hassuna sites of Telul eth-Thalathat (Iraq) and Tell Kashkashok (Syria), kept at the University of Tokyo Museum, were sent for laboratory analysis, which resulted in producing dates covering a period of ca. 6600-6300 cal. BC. These new dates lead to revision of the chronology of the oldest phases of Pottery Neolithic in Upper Mesopotamia: the phase defined at Tell Seker al-Aheimar, instead of the Proto-Hassuna, should be now considered the oldest Pottery Neolithic in this region.

第17回名古屋大学タンデトロン加速器質量分析計シンポジウム平成16(2004)年度報告 Proceedings of the 17th symposiumon Researches Using the Tandetron AMS System at Nagoya University in 2004\日時:平成17 (2005)年1月24日(月)、25日(火) 会場:名古屋大学シンポジオン Date:January 24th and 25th, 2005 Place:Nagoya University Symposion Hall

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