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Sustainability in the Post Market Society

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  • 脱市場社会のサステイナビリティ
  • ダツシジョウ シャカイ ノ サステイナビリティ

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Forests remain an archetype, or a model of Sustainability in the modern society. But it is the fantasy in the 21st century that we alive. In the social planning of sustainability, forest is "a forest which produces wealth". But in reality, "a forest which produces debt" spread all over the world. Under such situation, pursuit of the sustainable development causes deforestation.In this article, I discuss the limit of sustainability as a social planning in the market society that aspire to get rid of vulnerabilities of supply based on an argument around semantic analysis on Nachhaltigkeit or Sustained Yield by Ulrich Grober. At first, I survey it about a social planning of sustainability in the modern society, and clarify its development and the consequence with a Japanese forest policy as an example while receiving a suggestion in a concept of "the market society" of the Karl Polanyi. On the basis of these considerations, I point out that it created "forests which produces debt" that forest owner was not able to resist the big transformation that market society caused in the timber market of 1990s. The solution that get rid of vulnerabilities of supply was not accompanied by increase in profit of forest owners.Today, a variety of people participate in a variety of practice to manage the forest in Japan. From the abovementioned analysis, we can understand that these practices are attempts exploring "Sustainability in the Post Market Society" by the people who lost the freedom to be provided by taking obligation and responsibility in forest management.


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